How to Call for an Ambulance during an Emergency
When to Call for An Ambulance
Understand when to call for an ambulance, including signs and symptoms of emergency medical situations.
You should request for an ambulance when you recognise signs and symptoms of an emergency medical situation. Here are some examples
Examples of medical emergencies that require an ambulance
Includes heart attack, tightness in the chest behind the ribs and off-beat / odd-beat of the heart pulse. The victim may clench his or her fist or chest area, have difficulty speaking or expressing the situation. He or she could even fall unconscious subsequently.
A trained first aider (BCLS, ACLS, SFA qualified person), nurse or doctor may act to perform CPR and apply AED pads in an attempt to stabilise the casualty.
Perceived as shortness of breath, having wheezing sounds, or look like he or she is gasping for air, taking quick gulps. The casualty may turn bluish or pale, which signals that blood circulation has also become poor and oxygen deprived.
Patients who are assisted by mechanical ventilators or oxygen tanks may also face trouble breathing if the machine malfunctions, experience a mask leak or run out of oxygen in the tank.
Excessive or uncontrollable bleeding causes heavy blood loss, which in itself can be life-threatening. A large outflow of blood requires immediate medical attention.
When too much blood is lost, blood pressure drops and the heart will fail to pump oxygen-filled blood to vital organs. This may cause long term damage and organs to shut down.
Identifying when activating an ambulance is completely necessary
Many kinds of medical emergencies can happen. Some require immediate ambulance transportation and some don't.
General rule of thumb of when you need to call for an ambulance:
- Walk: If the patient can walk, you don't need an ambulance. Get a taxi instead.
- Bearable pain: In tolerable pain (i.e. pregnancy, back pain, etc.)? Go by other means of transport. Have someone piggy back the victim into a car. Let the paramedics evacuate other patients who really require critical care on-site and can't hold until the hospital door.